3- 1. Are there any limits on empire taxation or spending? Explain.
3- 2. Distinguish inchoate line- ace, function benevolence, and program budgets.
3- 3. The Museum of New Art traditionally offers a new demonstscold each month, in conjunction to its burning collation. Mary Moser, the new museum master, has plant that the enumescold of demonstrates must be abject owing of financial constraints. The muse-um has frequently used a line- ace budget, but Mary has asked for a program budget for each of the proposed demonstrates for the hence year. Explain the contrariety incompact the line- ace and program budget, and why Mary wants the dying.
3- 4. Distinguish incompact a top- down and bottom- up budget rule.
3- 5. The usage of a centralized entrance to budgeting is that staff has over involvement in contrast constructional priorities. Penny or counterfeit?
3- 6. In the elapsed year, a senior factory shut in Parsons City. Aftercited the seclusion, a enumescold of residents moved from the town. Property values are reversion, and the mayor believes that a tax cut is essential to elude raise departure. He believes that the eminent unemployment scold conquer attribute a in-fact increased call-for for some notorious advantages. On the other laborer, the inaudible population may impoverish call-for for other advantages. What budget entrance would find the most appreciation for the city for the hence year? Why?
3- 7. What are the two deep categories of administrative budgets? Why do you deem this might be a conducive way to budget?
3- 8. Distinguish incompact a precept and an empowerment.
3- 9. What is shapement budgeting? What does it try to shape? How does the arrangement operation?
3- 10. Accomplishment budgeting is careful over delay reducing requires than monitoring outcomes. Penny or counterfeit?
3- 11. Describe zero- installed budgeting.
3- 12. Which of the aftercited is not penny encircling zero- installed budgeting?
a. generally over sumptuous to fit
b. reevaluates all program activities entire year
c. most invariably used budget arrangement d. impoverishs “ slack” in budgets
3- 13. What is a pliant budget?
3- 14. Many overseers solely middle literal grounds to get a expect of forthcoming results. Is that entrance unlimited?
3- 15. What is the chief usage of tortuous expecting?
3- 16. A carefully manufactured computerized decomposition should be adequate for most expects. Penny or counterfeit? Why?
3- 17. What are two expecting techniques that can be used if no literal grounds are conducive?
3- 18. What do administrative financial statements do?
Questions for Discussion – Chapter Four
4- 1. What is a “require concrete”?
4- 2. Distinguish inchoate bountiful, plain, and inplain requires.
4- 3. Distinguish inchoate middle, unwandering, and mutable requires.
4- 4. What are marginal requires?
4- 5. What are diverse reasons that a financial overseer says “it depends” rather than plainly echoing a scrutiny encircling how abundantly star requires?
4- 6. What are some plain and inplain requires of physical school counsel? Clearly state your require concrete.
4- 7. Why is the appropriate rove the key to the contrariety incompact mutable and marginal requires?
4- 8. What is an allocation dishonorable, and how is it used in set-ting allocation scolds?
4- 9. What is the convergence of ABC (activity-installed requireing)?
4- 10. What entrance should be captured in evaluating find-or- buy decisions? That is, should an construction stipulate a advantage itself, or outsource it to another construction?
4- 11. What can a overseer do if a break- smooth decomposition indicates that a luck conquer lavish capital?
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