Cause/Effect Essay

pen the attached folder bellow to answer the cause and effect essay, outline, and brainstorming

When organizing a cause-effect essay, it is important to know whether you are writing mainly about the causes or the effects, or if you are writing about both. For practice, use the graphic organizers below to brainstorm causes and effects of each given topic.

CAUSES

1.

2.

3.

4.

OBESITY

EFFECTS

1.

2.

3.

4.

CAUSES

1.

2.

3.

4.

EFFECTS

1.

2.

3.

4.

The following are three of the more common ways to organize a cause-effect essay. There are other ways to organize the essay, so it is important to understand what the assignment is asking you to write about.

Paragraph I:

Introduction

Main cause or causes

Paragraph II:

First Effect

Paragraph III:

Second Effect

Paragraph IV:

Third Effect

Paragraph V:

Conclusion

Paragraph I:

Funnel Introduction

Paragraph II:

Major Cause

Paragraph III:

First Effect

Paragraph IV:

Second Effect

Paragraph V:

Conclusion

Paragraph I:

Introduction

Main effect or effects

Paragraph II:

First Cause

Paragraph III:

Second Cause

Paragraph IV:

Third Cause

Paragraph V:

Conclusion

CAUSE & EFFECT Writing Process SAMPLE

EXERCISE 6: Read the following SAMPLE of the prewriting process. You do not need to write anything, just read through each step and pay attention to how the writer develops the topic. 

Topic: _______Cause of Divorce in the U.S.A____________________________________

Step 1: Brainstorming

CAUSES EFFECTS

*unrealistic   expectations

People think that marriage is going to solve all   their problems, and they will stay in love forever. But love fades.

*impulsivity   and attention span

Marriage might be an impulsive action, as a   result of an intense romance or lust. Some people get married on a whim in Las Vegas. Then they realize they made a mistake!

*lack of   patience

People change over time. Many of us think that the relationship   should stay the same. They lose   patience with their spouse.

Step 2: Outlining

Introduction: Causes of divorce

Subtopic #1: unrealistic expectations of marriage

Subtopic #2: impulsive behavior

Subtopic #3: lack of patience

Conclusion will end with a prediction as a final   thought

Step 2: Outlining

CAUSE & EFFECT OUTLINE

I. Introduction

A. Hook: _________________________________________________________

A. Background Information: __________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

B. Thesis Statement: There are many causes for this divorce epidemic in the U.S., but some of the biggest involve an unrealistic view of what marriage is, impulsivity, and lack of patience with people in general.

II. Body 

A. 1st Cause/effect: Perhaps the biggest reason that many couples in the U.S. divorce each year is unrealistic expectations of what marriage is supposed to be.

Explanation: _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Example: ________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Transition Sentence/Paragraph? YES/NO 

B. 2nd Cause/Effect: Another cause of divorce stems from the impulsivity in American culture.

Explanation: people act on intense lust or romance without thinking about the long term.

Example: Vegas wedding chapels, kids in love

_________________________________________________________________

Transition Sentence/Paragraph? YES/NO 

C. 3rd Cause/effect: A third cause of divorce in the U.S.A. is a general lack of patience with people around us.

Explanation: general lack of introspection

Example: social media

_________________________________________________________________

III. Conclusion

Restate thesis: _________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

Final remarks: _________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 7: Week 4 Writing Assignment

Name ________________________ 

Date _________________________

ESL 0202 CAUSE & EFFECT ESSAY

Try it Out: Choose one of the following topics to   brainstorm ideas for a cause-effect essay. 

Brainstorming: Sometimes it is useful to think of   experiences from your own life to get ideas for an essay. In most college writing assignments, you   will not end up writing about yourself, but your life experiences and ideas   can be the starting point for gathering ideas.

Consider your answers to the following questions   by brainstorming in the space provided. Once you have generated ideas for an essay, make an outline using the   outline template that follows.  When you have completed the outline, draft a   five-paragraph cause/effect essay in MLA format! We will review them next week!

1. Have you or someone you know every gone   on a diet? What made them decide to   start it? Once they began to diet,   what kind of changes did they notice? What kind of results beyond physical changes did they experience?

Essay   Topic: What causes someone to go on a   diet? 

Essay   Topic: What effects does dieting have   on a person?

2. Did you ever know someone who was   caught for cheating on a school assignment (test, paper, etc.)? Why did they   do it? What happened as a result?

Essay   Topic: What causes a student to resort   to cheating on an assignment? 

Essay   Topic: What effects does cheating have   on a student when it is discovered?

Topic: ___________________________________________

CAUSES EFFECTS

Name ________________________ 

Date _________________________

ESL 0202 CAUSE & EFFECT OUTLINE

I. Introduction

A. Background Information: __________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

B. Thesis Statement: ________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

II. Body 

A. Cause: ___________________________________

Explanation: _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Example: ________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

B. Cause or Effect: ___________________________________

Explanation: _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Example: ________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

C. Effect: ___________________________________

Explanation: _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Example: ________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

III. Conclusion

Restate thesis: _________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

Final remarks: _________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

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