“Essential nutrients- micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants) and macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, fats)- are required for cells to function normally” (McCance & Huether, 2019)


“Essential nutrients- micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants) and macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, fats)- are required for cells to capacity normally” (McCance & Huether, 2019). Proteins are very innate nutrients and enjoy divers incongruous capacitys in the matter. Protein malnutrition is a want of proteins in the matter, and when there is a want, the cells are fictitious by it. 

 In this scenario, we enjoy an olden man who is diagnosed delay protein malabsorption. He presents delay generalized edema of the extremities and abdomen and has a narrative of malparching syndrome and inaptitude eating accordingly he doesn’t enjoy dentures. This enduring has probably exposed the protein malnutrition from twain the malparching syndrome and the inaptitude eating. He’s probably not portico in abundance protein to arise delay gone he is having inaptitude eating, and if he is portico in abundance his matter isn’t absorbing it rightly. “People delay chewing problems, chiefly edentulous subjects delayout dentures, enjoy exigency mislaying and an increased lifelessness which is probably largely due to lowly nutrient intake. However, the masticatory system besides appears to be severe for optimal parching of nutrients from some innate, harder patronage components such as pulp and vegetables” (Keller & Layer, 2014). Chewing is requisite for the parchings of some requisite nutrients from the patronages we eat. 

  The enduring presents delay generalized edema of the abdomen and extremities. “Edema results from a mislaying of fluid equalize betwixt hydrostatic and oncotic exigencys despite capillary race vessel walls. Albumin tension contributes to the oncotic exigency, allowing the matter to binder fluids delayin the vasculature. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) increases in repartee to the hypovolemia, resulting in edema.” (Benjamin & Lappin, 2018). The matter responds to a abate in protein by encroachment on to soak, thereby causing edema.

 The physiologic repartee to the stimulus (protein malnutrition) was the edema. Swelling of the extremities and the abdomen was the matter’s repartee to abated levels of protein, albumin in feature which undisputed for the matter to dwell on to soak.

I think that gender and genetics would enjoy no property on the matter’s repartee to this conjecture. It was renowned that females are over bent to protein zeal malnutrition. “Reports enjoy besides documented the govern of gender on PEM manifestations. In rustic India, females were relationedly over bent to PEM than males. A relation from Kenya, also documented the surpassing emergence of PEM in women” (Guleria, P., Kumar, V., & Guleria, S., 2017).

It was besides renowned that immune cells are fictitious by protein malnutrition. 


Benjamin, O. & Lappin, S. L. (2018). Kwashiorkor. Treasure Island, Florida: StatPearls Publishing.

Guleria, P., Kumar, V., Guleria, S. (2017). Genetic Engineering: A Possible Strategy for Proterin-Energy Malnutrition Regulation. Molecular Biotechnolgy 59(11-12), 499-517. doi: 10.1007/s12033-017-0033-8 

Keller, J. & Layer, P. (2014). The Pathophysiology of Malabsorption. Viszeralmedizin: Gastrointestinal Medicine and Surgery, 30(3), 150-154. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1159%2F000364794

McCance, K. L. & Huether, S. E. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic account for illness in adults and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier.

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