Legal and Ethical Issues In Human Service

 Answer the questions below by using chapter 3 of your textbook.

1. According  to Hancock, counselors’ personal beliefs and values: 

☐ are more important than the ethical values of the client.
☐ are more important than the ethical values of the professional organization they belong to.
☐ should be used to convince the client to agree with the counselor.
☐ are not more important than serving the best interests of their clients.

2. In  dealing with clients who hold different values, you are advised to:
☐ work together to identify and clarify their value system.
☐  force them to adopt your values.
☐  force them to adopt the Judeo-Christian tradition.
☐  forget about your own values temporarily.

3. A  family support worker who monitors clients are considering abortion should  NEVER:
☐ only refer all women clients for abortion,  regardless of their issues.
☐ only refer clients for abortion if working with minors.
☐ convince clients to make decisions that are identical to your own values.
☐ not follow federal laws regarding abortion.

4. A  same-sex couple wants to adopt a child and seeks HHS services. In order to  behave ethically, the HHS worker should: 

☐ make up a reason for needing to refer the couple elsewhere as they do not agree with homosexuality.
☐ recommend “conversion therapy” and inform them that they could choose to be straight.
☐ refuse to offer services to the couple based on their lifestyle.
☐ not force their personal values on the couple and seek supervision, if necessary.

5. Which of the following statements about referring clients is TRUE?
☐ Referrals are often made by HHS workers.
☐ Always refer clients if your religious beliefs,  sexual orientations, or cultural background differs from theirs.
☐ You should never challenge or report a  discriminatory referral.
☐ Making a discriminatory referral is ethical.

Chapter 4: Multicultural  Perspectives and Diversity Issues
Answer the questions below by using chapter 4 of your textbook.

6. ___________  occurs when people know only their own culture and believe all cultures are basically the same.
☐ Cultural tunnel vision
☐ Thoughtfulness
☐ Meaningfulness
☐ Accuracy

7. ___________  is a belief that one group’s history, way of like, religion, values and traditions are superior to others.
☐ Cultural racism
☐ Ethical practice
☐ Shared experience
☐ Rational practice

8. A  ____________________ is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified idea about  a particular type of person or thing.
☐ stereotype
☐ misplaced  value
☐ worldly  view
☐ worldly  disconnect

9. ________________  has been used to treat many ethnic minority clients and families within the therapy field, because many ethnic and minority people in the community do not trust traditional mental health professionals or do not want to obtain treatment at their office.

☐ minority model
☐ Home-based therapy
☐ Evidence-based model
☐ Ethics model

10. Given the severity of some disabilities in clients and their inability to speak up for their rights or needs, many HHS workers who deal with clients with disabilities take on the natural role of client_____.
 

☐ advocate.
☐ caretaker.
☐ physical therapist.
☐ disability expert.


 Ethics of Imposing your values on Clients
Answer the following questions.

11. Why is it important to respect a client’s spiritual or religious  preferences or influences if they differ from your own?  

Type answer here


 Overcoming Value Conflicts
Answer the following questions.

12. Select one of the following topics that you may have a value conflict; where your values conflict with or are different than some clients. Examples include value conflicts on religion, sexual orientation, abortion, end-of-life decisions, or any other topic mentioned in Chapter 3. 

a. Describe your values on the topic.  

 

Type answer here

b. Describe an alternate set of values that conflict with yours.

 

Type answer here

c. Explain how you would go about working through this value conflict personally to help the client.  
 

Type answer here


 Increasing your Sensitivity to Cultural Diversity
Try to identify your own assumptions  and give an answer the following questions.

13. Does  an HHS worker need to share their own cultural background with a client to  effectively help a client? Explain.  

Type answer here

14. How might you deal with a co-worker in the  HHS field who discriminated a client because of their race?
 

Type answer here

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