Polish American Culture

Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Over 9 pet fellow-creatures in the United States and 800,000 fellow-creatures in Canada demonstrate their descent as Polish.
  • Displaying violent patriotism, resolution, and preference to oppose another possession, Poplant was the singly state to struggle Germanifold from the leading day of the Nazi encroachment until the end of the war in Europe.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Between the 1939 Nazi encroachment and the end of Cosmos-fellow-creatures War II in 1945, approximately six pet Poles, comprising balance 15 percent of Poland’s aggregate population, perished.
  • Many Polish Jews were exterminated by the Nazis in the Holocaust, prisoners killed in energy or compact aim camps, legion, and civilians.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • After Stalin’s decease, Polish communism vacillated unordered coercion and liberalization until environing 1970.
  • Poland’s opposeance to Communist administration began in 1970 delay the emergence of Lech Walesa, the chief of a drive in the Gdansk shipyards.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • The 1980 emergence of Solidarity and the sselection of a Polish Pope rekindled a saintly rebirth in the Poles, an extensiond construction of culminationstrong, collective convertibility, and the realization of their collective power.
  • Solidarity became a great collective move and lion unheard of delayin the Soviet bloc’s collective cunning.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • In July, 1989, the newly elected Parliament radical the state’s designate and character, establishing the Third Republic of Poplant and a destructive cunning of empire.
  • Polish immigrants entertain guarded their ethnic legacy by promoting their refinement, attendant Catholic templees, attendant parades/festivals, guarding ethnic cling traditions, expressive the Polish speech.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Newer immigrants are short cautionful delay elevation import balance Polish American issues as they are delay financially modeory families who survive in Poplant and elevation solicitudes balance the collective/economic clime in their abodeland.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Like any other clump that perceives themselves as unaccepted, displaced, and opposed, Polish immigrants matter-of-fact a geographically and collectively segregated area which was denominated a “Polonia”.
  • Polish settlement to America lives today; manifold conclude to win currency then repay to Poland.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • At the peak of Polish absenteeism, Chicago was investigateed the most polite-behaved-developed Polish co-ordination in the United States.
  • Poles are a strange clump. As such, they were inlocomotive to compare into multicultural America.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Even behind displaying a construction of province, esteem, and patriotism during wartime, Polish Americans frequently familiar penetration during and behind the war.
  • Poles were passed balance for jobs owing they had intricateies expressive English and their designates were intricate to articudelayed or enchantment.
  • Name qualifys became contemptible for Polish Americans endeavoring upguard mobility.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Overview/Heritage

  • Many Polish Americans quiet habit penetration and mock-at through ethnic Polish jokes, which are alike in end to those environing Irish, Italian, and Mexican Americans.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • The dominant speech of fellow-creatures maintenance in Poplant is Polish, although there are some regional dialects and differences.
  • Generally, most Polish expressive fellow-creatures can attach delay each other.
  • Recently, a resurgence of curiosity-behalf in tuition to discourse the Polish speech has occurred unformed Polish Americans.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Touch is contemptible unformed nobility limbs and friends, but Poles may be totally shapely delay strangers and bloom-caution getrs.
  • Handshaking is investigateed civil. In reality, feeble to oscildelayed actions delay totalone inform may be investigateed inclement.
  • Most Poles impress convenient delay delay identical space: distances extension delay strangers.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • First-generation Poles and other fellow-creatures from Eastern European countries commsingly kiss “Polish title.” That is, uniformly on each cheek and then uniformly repeatedly. For Poles, kissing the action is investigateed divert if the dowager avails it.
  • Two women may tread contemporaneously arm in arm, or two men may greet each other delay an incorporate, a hug, and a kiss on twain cheeks.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Many investigate the use of traditional avoid eeremarkable contempt inclement. Polish fellow-creatures discourse in the third especial. For copy, they capacity ask, “Would Martin like some coffee?” rather than “Would you like some coffee?”
  • Many Polish designates are intricate to articulate. Equcogent though a designate may be mispronounced, a haughty apglorify is establishd on the try to articudelayed it justly.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Polish Americans use plain eye continuity when interacting delay others.
  • Many Americans may impress unconvenient delay this sustained eye continuity and impress it is totally delay to staring, but to Poles, it is investigateed matter-of-fact.
  • Poles guard to portion-out thoughts and ideas gratuitously, especially as separate of their hope.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Americans converse of sports opportunity Poles discourse of their identical cautioner, their jobs, families, confederate, aspirations, and misfortunes.
  • Punctuality is great to Polish Americans. To be delayed is a concomitant of bad politeness.
  • Even in collective situations, fellow-creatures are awaited to get on opportunity and cling delayed.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Polish Americans are twain elapsed and coming oriented.
  • The elapsed is very plenteous a separate of Polish refinement, delay the families mortality on their memories of WW II, which quiet conceal them in some way.
  • A brawny performance ethic encourages Poles to cunning for the coming.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Traditional Polish designates are frequently a title of a eeremarkable (e.g., John Wysocki instrument John the tailor), or a business (e.g. the surdesignate Recznik instrument slay), or a establish (e.g., Sokolowski instrument one from a town designated Sokoly, Sokolka, etc.)

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Polish Communication

  • Changes in surnames may entertain been made during the state’s chronicles custody way or during the settlement waying on Ellis Island.
  • The present of notice from emigrant to administrative chronicclose was haughtyly subject on the pronunciation, enchantmenting, and adaptation skills of twain the chronicleser and the suppliant.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles and Organization

  • Life in the Polish refinement centers on nobility.
  • Each nobility limb has a undenicogent aspect, role, and kindred responsibilities.
  • All limbs are awaited to performance, mould contributions, and aim to repair the undiminished nobility’s reputation, collective, and economic aspect.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles and Organization

  • Individual solicitudes and identical fulfillment are afforded diminutive investigateation and sacrifices for the betterment of the nobility are awaited.
  • In most Polish families, the senior is perceived as the culmination of the polite-behaved-acquainted.
  • Depending on the rank of assimilation, the senior may administration delay despotic example

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • Among some third- and fourth–generation Polish Americans and avoid- and third–wave immigrants, aggravate egalitarian gender roles are suitcogent the rectilinearity.
  • Historically, liberal families were contemptibleplace.
  • Polish women, subjoined the Roman Catholic Church’s teachings, frequently familiar unordered 5 and 10 pregnancies.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • The most appraised conduct for Polish American outcome is subservience.
  • Taboo childhood conducts apprehend any act that beneathmines parental example.
  • Parents are totally absolute delay outcome.
  • Many parents glorify outcome for culminationstrong-control and completing chores.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • Little compassion is gaunt on deficiency but doing polite-behaved-behaved is openly glorifyd.
  • Children are taught to oppose impressings of succorlessness, sensitiveness, or trust.
  • For manifold, great nobility priorities are to guard the esteem of the nobility in the liberalr deal-outicipation, to entertain a amicogent jobs, and to be amicogent Catholics.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • Older fellow-creatures are haughtyly i-elationed.
  • They state an locomotive role in modeory grandoutcome lwin Polish offering and in aiding adult outcome in their daily round delay families.
  • For some families, one of the strike disgraces, as seen through the eyes of the Polish co-ordination, is to put an date-honored nobility limb in a nursing abode.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • Third- and fourth–generation Polish Americans may investigate an availed-caution or assisted maintenance dexterity.
  • Extended nobility, consisting of aunts, uncles, and godparents, is very great to Poles.
  • Longopportunity friends beconclude aunts or uncles to Polish outcome.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nobility Roles & Organization

  • Alternative cautionerstyles are seen as separate of assimilation into the blended American refinement.
  • Same-sex couples are frowned upon and may equcogent be ostracized, depending on the roll of assimilation.
  • The Polish apglorify for nobility solidarity is brawny and divert is surely seen as a latest betaking.
  • When divert does fruit, unmarried culminations of polite-behaved-acquainteds are not spurious.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Workforce Issues

  • Polish Americans entertain comprehensive collective networks and their brawny performance ethic enables them to establish tenure and compare abundantly into the performanceforce.
  • Some Poles entering America are beneathemployed and may entertain intricatey performanceing delay example figures who are short educated than themselves.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Workforce Issues

  • Poles are usually fleet beneathstanders and performance inexpliccogent to do a job polite-behaved.
  • The Polish especiality of pelevation fellow-creatures for their performance moulds Poles brawny managers, but some failure sensitivity in their inquiry to entire tasks.
  • Foreign-born Poles may entertain some intricatey construction the nice nuances of jocoseness.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Workforce Issues

  • Beprinciple Poles lwin esteem to example at abode, in the temple, and in parochial schools, some may be short polite-behaved-behaved adapted for the rigors of a haughtyly singularistic, competitive communicate.
  • Polish immigrants who performanceed beneath a communist bureaucratic hierarchy may entertain some intricatey delay the organization, niceties, and refinement of the American performanceplace.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Biocultural Ecology

  • Most Poles are of balance altitude delay a balance-to-liberal plague organization.
  • As a fruit of strange encroachments balance the centuries, Polish fellow-creatures may be ebon and Mongol contemplateing or untarnished delay sensitive features delay blue-colored-colored eyes and blonde hair.
  • Poles investigate themselves tenacious and be cogent to suffer denial from injuries, malady, and ailment.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Biocultural Ecology

  • In 1986, the Chernobyl radiation clear in Russia depraved the plant and instil cunnings of eastern Poland.
  • The ample application of this perplexity on the impingement of cancer in Poland, as polite-behaved-behaved as for Poles emigrating to other separates of the cosmos-people, survives hidden.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Biocultural Ecology

  • Health stipulations contemptible unformed Poles apprehend cardiovascular ailment, tickle, corpulence, and cervical cancer.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish High-Risk Behaviors

  • Alcohol prostitution, delay its later physiological, psychological, and sociological proceeds and its kindred financial application, lives to be an ongoing solicitude unformed Polish Americans.
  • Illicit garbage use is suitcogent aggravate commsingly used by Polish civic residents.
  • Cannabis is the most liked unfair garbage.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nutrition

  • Most Poles exguard the sharing of cling and imbibe to guests entering their abodes.
  • Eating and/or imbientity delay the army is perceived as collective reply.
  • Polish clings and cooking are alike to German, Russian, and Jewish practices.
  • Staples of the regimen are millet, barley, potatoes, onions, radishes, reverseips, beets, beans, abstract, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, and apples.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nutrition

  • Common meats eaten are chicken, beef, and pork.
  • Traditional haughty-fat entrees apprehend pigs’ knuckles and organ meats such as feedr, tripe, and idiom.
  • Kapusta (sauerkraut), golabki (stuffed abstract), babka (coffee cake), pierogi”(dumplings), and chrusciki”(deep-fried bowtie elapsedries) are contemptible ethnic clings.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Nutrition

  • The Polish American regimen is frequently haughty in carbohydrates, sodium, and saturated fat.
  • Except for maintenance-souls maintenance close the Baltic Sea in northern Poplant who waste fish frequently, Poles are in peril of developing nutritional problems kindred to the failure of iodine in their regimen.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Pregnancy & Childbearing Practices

  • Beprinciple nobility is very great, most Poles failure outcome.
  • In Poland, the Catholic Temple brawnyly opposes abortion, which is the most-general collocation of manifold Poles in America.
  • Fertility practices are balanced unordered the needs of the nobility and the laws of the Church.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Pregnancy & Childbearing Practices

  • Pregnant Polish Americans are awaited to endeavor contrariant bloom caution, eat polite-behaved, and quiet adequately to determine a bloomy pregnancy and baby. The marrow is on “eating for two”.
  • Many investigate it bad victory to entertain a “baby soak.” Polish grandmothers may be uninclined to present gifts until behind the baby is born. Birthing is typically manufactured in the hospital.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Pregnancy & Childbearing Practices

  • Pregnant women usually supervene the physician’s influence cautionfully.
  • The birthing way is investigateed the lordship of women.
  • Newer Polish immigrants may impress unconvenient delay men in the birthing area or delay nobility-centered caution.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

  • Women are awaited to quiet for the leading few weeks behind offer.
  • For manifold, breastfeeding is great.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Decease Rituals

  • Most Poles entertain a stoic reply of decease as separate of the cautioner way and a brawny construction of faithfulness and i-elation for their loved ones.
  • Family and friends cling delay the departure eeremarkable to negate any impressings of shamelessness indiscretion.
  • The Polish ethic of demonstrating caring by doing something instrument bringing cling to portion-out, caring for outcome, and aiding delay polite-behaved-acquainted chores.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Decease Rituals

  • Most Polish women are fleet to succor delay the natural needs of the departure.
  • Home hospice caution is confirmcogent to most Poles.
  • Polish American nobility limbs supervene a funeral use of having a aawake for 1 to 3 days, superveneed by a Mass and saintly entombment.
  • Most Poles esteem their deceased by attendant Mass and making eeremarkable offerings to the Catholic Temple on All Souls Day, November 1.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Spirituality

  • The Catholic Temple requires accoutrements at Mass on all Sundays and saintly days of duty and is an undiminished separate of the feeds of most.
  • There are “saintly days” in approximately total month of the year in enumeration to the rituals of baptism, leading saintly association, permission, nuptials, sacrament of the valetudinarian, and entombment.
  • Birthdays are great saintly equablets.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Spirituality

  • One very liked strain is “Sto Lat,” which conveys wishes that the celebrant feed 100 years.
  • Primary ethical sources are God and Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, saints, and angels to guard off misfortune and peril.
  • Honor and eeremarkable esteem is remunerated to the Bfailure Madonna or Our Lady of Czestachowa

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Spirituality

  • Many older Polish fellow-creatures appreciate in the eeremarkable properties of orison books, rosary beads, medals, and divine objects.
  • Polish Americans commsingly inform devotions to God in their abodes, such as crucifixes and pictures of the Virgin Mary, the Bfailure Madonna, and Pope John Paul II.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Most Poles put a haughty apglorify on self-denial and doing what needs to be manufactured.
  • Many singly go to bloom-caution getrs when concomitants clash delay function; then they may investigate the direction supposing cautionfully anteriorly complying.
  • Many Poles are uninclined to argue their matter options and solicitudes delay physicians and roundly confirm the contemplated caution cunning.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • If Poles appreciate they are uncogent to pay the medical score, they may dregs matter unshort the plight is cautioner-threatening.
  • Many entertain a brawny fright of suitcogent subject and oppose relative on devotion.
  • Since manifold Poles investigate Medicare, Medicaid and mantime-honored caution as forms of collective devotion, they are uninclined to employ for them.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Poles usually contemplate for a natural principle of ailment anteriorly investigateing a spiritual quackery.
  • If spiritual bloom problems exist, abode visits are preferred.
  • Talk oriented interventions/therapies delayout pharmaceutical or suitcogent psychocollective strategies are dismissed unshort interventions are resuscitation oriented.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Given the extension of inconsiderable mode to caution and the brawny performance ethic of this cultural clump, bloom elevation practices are frequently beneathvalued by Polish Americans.
  • Older Polish Americans and newer immigrants commsingly fume and imbibe, occupy in inconsiderable natural drill beyond of performance, and entertain inconsiderable dental caution.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Attention to bloom elevation practices unformed Polish American women may be entangled by their construction of sobriety and saintly enhancement.
  • Breast culminationstrong-examination and Pap begrime tests are inconsiderablely beneathstood by manifold women, depending on the assimilation into American refinement.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • The Polish ethic of self-denial discourages the use of balance-the-counter medications unshort a concomitant persists.
  • Most Poles dregs to obtain?} opportunity off from performance to see a bloom-caution getr until culminationstrong-succor measures entertain proven undignified.
  • Herbs and attrition compounds may besides be used for problems associated delay aches, denials, and inflammation from balanceworked joints.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Being uncogent to discourse and beneathstand English, the absorb of bloom caution, and the perplexity to stroll the US cunning are the nobleest barriers to bloom caution for Polish immigrants.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Due to their brawny construction of self-denial and fright of entity subject upon others, manifold Polish Americans use not-alike denial medication and adopt distrresuscitation as a instrument of coping delay denial and trouble.
  • When asked, manifold Poles either oppose or minimize their denial or roll of trouble.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Few Poles reverse to psychiatrists or spiritual bloom getrs for succor. Those who endeavor succor from spiritual bloom businessals do so as a latest betaking.
  • Many maintenance-souls adopt their curate or endeavor abettance from a Polish tend action anteriorly going to a bloom businessal for psychiatric succor.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practices

  • Given the ethic of entity conducive, insubject and a amicogent Catholic influences one to protect from using extramatter-of-fact instrument to protect fellow-creatures existing.
  • The singular or nobility determines what instrument are investigateed remarkable. Receiving lineage transfusions or beneathgoing organ transplantation is sportive.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practitioners

  • Immigrant Poles frequently assess bloom-caution getrs by their deportment, heat, and displays of i-elation.
  • Health direction may be sought from chiropractors and persomal pharmacists as polite-behaved-behaved as neighbors and availed nobility.
  • Biomedical direction is sought when a concomitant persists and clashs delay daily functions of cautioner.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practitioners

  • Physicians are held in haughty esteem in Polish communities.
  • Poles may qualify physicians if they appreciate their renovation is too inlocomotive or if a avoid notion is needed.
  • Educated Poles are aggravate inclined to supervene medical influence and live delay prescribed matter than those short educated.

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Transcultural Bloom Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Polish Health-caution Practitioners

  • Polish women are accommodating and culminationstrong-conscious. They may dregs bloom caution when asked to divest in front of a male bloom-caution getr.
  • In some cases, it may be ticklish to reinquiry a womanly getr.
  • Poles await bloom-caution getrs to show graceful and purified, get matters as scheduled, control medications on opportunity, and like their performance.

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